In general terms, a fiduciary is a person who owes a duty of care and trust to another and must act primarily for the benefit of the other in a particular activity. For retirement plans, the law defines the actions that result in fiduciary duties and the extent of those duties.
Many of the actions needed to operate a qualified retirement plan involve fiduciary decisions – whether you hire someone to manage the plan for you or do the plan management yourself. Controlling the plan assets or using discretion in managing the plan makes you or the entity you hire a plan fiduciary to the extent of that discretion or control. Fiduciary status is based on the functions performed for the plan, not a title. Be aware that hiring someone to perform fiduciary functions is itself a fiduciary act.

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